汉英口译分类词汇--经济金融词汇

发布于:2021-10-17 13:37:31

1. 不景气 slump (衰退 recession) 2. 二板市场 the second board market 3. 中国创业板 China Growth Enterprise Market 4. 首次上市 IPOs (initial public offering) 5. 市场资本总额 market capitalization 6. 法人股 institutional shares 7. 内部股(非上市招股) private company shares 8. 牛市 bull market 9. 法律风险 legal risk 10. 风险管理 risk management 11. 坚持严格的贷款标准 maintain strong underwriting standards 12. 六大风险 risks in 6 key areas (U.S. Federal Reserve criterion) 13. 信用风险 credit risk 14. 供给学派 supply-side economist 15. 第一产业(农业) agriculture (primary industry) 16. 第二产业(工业) manufacturing industry (secondary industry) 17. 第三产业(服务业) service industry (tertiary industry) 18. 主要经济指标 major economic indicators 19. 国内生产总值 GDP gross domestic product (商品和劳务币值总和,不包括海外收入支 出) 20. 国民生产总值 GNP gross national product(商品和劳务币值总和,包括海外收入支出) 21. 人均国内生产总值 GDP per capita 22. 宏观经济 macro economy 23. 互助基金 mutual fund 24. 扩大内需 expand domestic demand 25. 改善居民心理预期 inspire the general public's confidence in the future needs 26. 鼓励增加即期消费 encourage more immediate consumption 27. 长期国债 long-term treasury bonds 28. 支付国债利息 to service treasury bonds 29. 财政赤字和债务 deficits and the national debt 30. 按原口径计算 calculate on the base line 31. 按不变价格计算 calculate at constant price 32. 按可比价格计算 calculate at comparable price 33. 列入财政预算支出 listed in the fiscal budget 34. 结售汇制度 the system of exchange, settlement and sales 35. 经常项目顺差 favorable balance of current account, surplus of current account 36. 开办人民币业务 engage in Renminbi (RMB) business 37. 出口退税制度 the system of refunding taxes on exported goods 38. 保证金台帐制度 Deposit account system for processing trade 39. 分期付款 pay by installment 40. 保值储蓄 inflation-proof bank savings 41. 抵押贷款 collateralised loans 42. 住房抵押贷款 residential mortgage loan 43. 货币主义者 monetarist

44. 计划经济 planned economy 45. 指令性计划 mandatory plan 46. 技术密集型 technology intensive 47. 大规模生产 mass production 48. 经济林 cash tree 49. 跟踪审计 follow-up auditing 50. 流动性风险 liquidity risk 51. 操作风险 operational risk 52. 内部审计 internal audit 53. 抛售 bear sales 54. 配套政策 supporting policies 55. 中国人民银行(中央银行)The People's Bank of China(central bank) 56. 四大国有商业银行 4 major state-owned commercial banks 57. 中国银行 Bank of china 58. 中国工商银行 Industrial and Commercial Bank of China()and 59. 中国建设银行 Construction Bank of China 60. 中国农业银行 Agricultural Bank of China 61. 招商银行 China Merchants Bank 62. 疲软股票 soft stock 63. 配股 allotment of shares 64. 实际增长率 growth rate in real terms 65. 年均增长率 average growth rate per annum 66. 投资回报率 rate of return on investment 67. 外贸进出口总额 total foreign trade value 68. 实际利用外资 incoming overseas capital (investment) in place 69. 消费价格指数 consumer price index (CPI) 70. 零售价格指数 retail price index (RPI) 71. 生活费用价格总指数 total price index of living cost 72. 生活费用 income available for living expenses 73. 扣除物价因素 in real terms / on inflation-adjusted basis 74. 居民储蓄存款 residents' bank savings deposit 75. 恩格尔系数(食品开支占总支出的比例) Engel coefficient 76. 基尼系数(衡量地区差别) Gini coefficient 77. 购买力*价法 purchasing power parity (PPP) (衡量使用不同货币的两个国家或地 区的经济水*,收入水*的一种计算法,用相等的汇率比较两种货币各自的国内购买 力) 78. 片面追求发展速度 excessive pursuit of growth 79. 泡沫经济 bubble economy 经济过热 overheating of economy 80. 通货膨胀 inflation 81. 实体经济 the real economy 82. 经济规律 laws of economics 83. 市场调节 market regulation 84. 优化资源配置 optimize allocation of resources 85. 规模经营优势 advantage of economies of scale

86. 劳动密集型 labor intensive 87. 市场风险 market risk 88. 收紧银根 tighten up monetary policy 89. 适度从紧的财政政策 moderately tight fiscal policy 90. 信用紧缩 credit crunch 91. 加强国有商业银行内部资金调度 In state commercial banks, internal capital allocation should be improved. 92. 合理划分贷款审批权限 Limits of authority for examining and approving loans should be rationally defined. 93. 保证有市场,有效益,守信用企业的流动资金贷款 ensure floating capital loans for well-performing and trustworthy enterprises which turn out the right products for the right markets 94. 启动民间投资 attract investment from the private sector 95. 适销对路的产品 the right products / readily marketable products 96. 国有企业 state-owned enterprises (SOEs) 97. 集体企业 collectively-owned (partnership) enterprises 98. 私营企业 private businesses 99. 民营企业 privately-run businesses 100. 中小企业 small-and-medium-sized enterprises 经 济 合 作 与 发 展 组 织 OECD ( Organization for Economic Cooperation and 101. Development) 102. 垃圾融资 junk financing 联合国环境署 UNEP (United Nations Environment Program) 103. 104. 联合国开发计划署 UNDP (United Nations Development Program) 联合国粮农组织 FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United States) 105. 106. 联 合 国贸 易与 发展 会议 UNCTAD ( United Nations Conference on Trade and Development) 粮食安全 Food security 107. 108. 慢性萧条 chronic depression 109. 贸 易 和 投 资 自 由 化 和 便 利 化 TILF ( Trade and Investment Liberalization and Facilitation) 110. 贸易与发展委员会 Committee on Trade and Development 贸易与环境委员会 Committee on Trade and Environment 111. 112. 模式 Modalities 113. 南方共同市场(或称南锥体共同市场)MERCOSUR (Southern Common Market) 114. 南亚区域合作联盟 SAARC (South Asian Association for Regional cooperation) 115. 欧洲自由贸易联盟 EFTA (European Free Trade Association) 116. 配额调整条款 modulation of quota clause 117. 瓶颈制约 'bottleneck' restrictions 118. 全球配额 global quota 119. 上诉机构 Appeal body 120. 申报制度 reporting system; income declaration system 121. 生产补贴 Production subsidy 实行国民待遇 grant the national treatment to 122.

123. 实质损害 Material injury 124. 食品法典委员会 CAC(Codex Alimentaries Commission) 125. 世界海关组织 WCO (World Customs Organization) 世界贸易组织 WTO (World Trade Organization) 126. 127. 世界知识产权组织 WIPO (World Intellectual Property Organization) 128. 市场准人的行政管理措施 AAMA (Administrative Aspects of Market Access) 129. 市场准入 Market access 130. 通知义务 Notification obligation 同类产品 Like product 131. 132. 乌拉圭回合 Uruguay Round 133. 消费膨胀 inflated consumption 134. 协调制度(商品名称及编码协调制度)HS (Harmonized Commodity and Coding System) 新议题 New issues 135. 136. 许可费 License fee 137. 有秩序的市场安排 Orderly market arrangements 138. 约束水* Bound level 争端解决机构 Dispute Settlement Body 139. 140. 政府采购 Government procurement 知识产权 IPRs (Intellectual property rights) 141. 142. 直接支付 Direct payment 143. 诸边协议 Plurilateral agreement 专门的营销机构 Market boards 144. 145. 转基因生物 GMOs (Genetically Modified Organisms) 祖父条款 grandfather clause 146. 147. 最不发达国家 LDCs (Least-developed countries) 148. 最初谈判权(初谈权) INRs (Initial Negotiating Rights) 最惠国待遇(现通常称'正常贸易关系')MFN(most-favored-nation) treatment 149. 150. 最惠国贸易地位(待遇)MFN (Most-favored-nation)(Treatment) 151. 保险法 Law of Insurance 152. 证券法 Law of Securities 153. 巴塞尔原则 Basel Core Principles 监管对象的行为有问题,管理机制不健全 problems of supervised entities' behavior 154. and the unsound internal governance mechanism 155. 风险意识 consciousness of risk prevention 156. 事前监管 proactive regulation and supervision 157. account number 帐目编号 158. depositor 存户 159. pay-in slip 存款单 160. a deposit form 存款单 161. a banding machine 自动存取机 162. to deposit 存款 163. deposit receipt 存款收据 private deposits 私人存款 164.

165. 166. 167. 168. 169. 170. 171. 172. 173. 174. 175. 176. 177. 178. 179. 180. 181. 182. 183. 184. 185. 186. 187. 188. 189. 190. 191. 192. 193. 194. 195. 196. 197. 198. 199. 200. 201. 202. 203. 204. 205. 206. 207. 208.

certificate of deposit 存单 deposit book, passbook 存折 credit card 信用卡 principal 本金 overdraft, overdraw 透支 to counter sign 双签 to endorse 背书 endorser 背书人 to cash 兑现 to honor a check 兑付 to dishonor a check 拒付 to suspend payment 止付 check 支票 check book 支票本 order check 记名支票 bearer check 不记名支票 crossed check 横线支票 blank check 空白支票 rubber check 空头支票 check stub, counterfoil 票根 cash check 现金支票 traveler's check 旅行支票 check for transfer 转帐支票 outstanding check 未付支票 canceled check 已付支票 forged check 伪支票 Bandar's note 庄票,银票 banker 银行家 president 行长 savings bank 储蓄银行 Chase Bank 大通银行 National City Bank of New York 花旗银行 Hongkong Shanghai Banking Corporation 汇丰银行 Chartered Bank of India, Australia and China 麦加利银行 Banque de I'Indo Chine 东方汇理银行 central bank, national bank, banker's bank 中央银行 bank of issue, bank of circulation 发行币银行 commercial bank 商业银行,储蓄信贷银行 member bank, credit bank 储蓄信贷银行 discount bank 贴现银行 exchange bank 汇兑银行 requesting bank 委托开证银行 issuing bank, opening bank 开证银行 advising bank, notifying bank 通知银行

209. 210. 211. 212. 213. 214. 215. 216. 217. 218. 219. 220. 221. 222. 223. 224. 225. 226. 227. 228. 229. 230. 231. 232. 233. 234. 235. 236. 237. 238. 239. 240. 241. 242. 243. 244. 245. 246. 247. 248. 249. 250. 251. 252.

negotiation bank 议付银行 confirming bank 保兑银行 paying bank 付款银行 associate banker of collection 代收银行 consigned banker of collection 委托银行 clearing bank 清算银行 local bank 本地银行 domestic bank 国内银行 overseas bank 国外银行 unincorporated bank 钱庄 branch bank 银行分行 trustee savings bank 信托储蓄银行 trust company 信托公司 financial trust 金融信托公司 unit trust 信托投资公司 trust institution 银行的信托部 credit department 银行的信用部 commercial credit company(discount company) 商业信贷公司(贴现公司) neighborhood savings bank, bank of deposit 街道储蓄所 credit union 合作银行 credit bureau 商业兴信所 self-service bank 无人银行 land bank 土地银行 construction bank 建设银行 industrial and commercial bank 工商银行 bank of communications 交通银行 mutual savings bank 互助储蓄银行 post office savings bank 邮局储蓄银行 mortgage bank, building society 抵押银行 industrial bank 实业银行 home loan bank 家宅贷款银行 reserve bank 准备银行 chartered bank 特许银行 corresponding bank 往来银行 merchant bank, accepting bank 承兑银行 investment bank 投资银行 import and export bank (EXIMBANK) 进出口银行 joint venture bank 合资银行 money shop, native bank 钱庄 credit cooperatives 信用社 clearing house 票据交换所 public accounting 公共会计 business accounting 商业会计 cost accounting 成本会计

253. 254. 255. 256. 257. 258. 259. 260. 261. 262. 263. 264. 265. 266. 267. 268. 269. 270. 271. 272. 273. 274. 275. 276. 277. 278. 279. 280. 281. 282. 283. 284. 285. 286. 287. 288. 289. 290. 291. 292. 293. 294. 295. 296.

depreciation accounting 折旧会计 computerized accounting 电脑化会计 general ledger 总帐 subsidiary ledger 分户帐 cash book 现金出纳帐 cash account 现金帐 journal, day-book 日记帐,流水帐 bad debts 坏帐 investment 投资 surplus 结余 idle capital 游资 economic cycle 经济周期 economic boom 经济繁荣 economic recession 经济衰退 economic depression 经济萧条 economic crisis 经济危机 economic recovery 经济复苏 inflation 通货膨胀 deflation 通货收缩 devaluation 货币贬值 revaluation 货币增值 international balance of payment 国际收支 favorable balance 顺差 adverse balance 逆差 hard currency 硬通货 soft currency 软通货 international monetary system 国际货币制度 the purchasing power of money 货币购买力 money in circulation 货币流通量 note issue 纸币发行量 national budget 国家预算 national gross product 国民生产总值 public bond 公债 stock, share 股票 debenture 债券 treasury bill 国库券 debt chain 债务链 direct exchange 直接(对角)套汇 indirect exchange 间接(三角)套汇 cross rate, arbitrage rate 套汇汇率 foreign currency (exchange) reserve 外汇储备 foreign exchange fluctuation 外汇波动 foreign exchange crisis 外汇危机 discount 贴现

297. 298. 299. 300. 301. 302. 303. 304. 305. 306. 307. 308. 309. 310. 311. 312. 313. 314. 315. 316. 317. 318. 319. 320. 321. 322. 323. 324. 325. 326. 327. 328. 329. 330. 331. 332. 333. 334. 335. 336. 337. 338. 339. 340.

discount rate, bank rate 贴现率 gold reserve *鸫⒈ money (financial) market 金融市场 stock exchange 股票交易所 broker 经纪人 commission 佣金 bookkeeping 簿记 bookkeeper 簿记员 an application form 申请单 bank statement 对帐单 letter of credit 信用证 strong room, vault 保险库 equitable tax system 等价税则 specimen signature 签字式样 banking hours, business hours 营业时间 share, equity, stock 股票,股权 negotiable share 可流通股份 treasury /government bond 国库券/政府债券 closed-end securities investment fund 封闭式证券投资基金 open-end securities investment fund 开放式证券投资基金 market capitalization 市值 mark-to-market 逐日盯市 clearing and settlement 清算/结算 put / call option 看跌/看涨期权 rights issue/offering 配股 ADR(American Depository Receipt)美国存托凭证/存股证 GDR(Global Depository Receipt) 全球存托凭证/存股证 institutional investor 机构投资者 proprietary trading 自营 market manipulation 市场操纵 IPO(Initial Public Offering)新股初始公开发行 securities 证券 premium 溢价 share capital 股本 composite index 综合指数 capital market 资本市场 liquidity 流通性 highly-leveraged institutions(HLI) 高杠杆交易机构 subscribe 申购 underwriter 承销商 road show 路演 primary market 一级市场 information disclosure 信息披露 blue chips 蓝筹股

341. 342. 343. 344. 345. 346. 347. 348. 349. 350. 351. 352. 353. 354. 355. 356. 357. 358. 359. 360. 361. 362. 363. 364. 365. 366. 367. 368. 369. 370. 371. 372. 373. 374. 375. 376.

gilt-edged bond 金边债券 rating agency 评级机构 credit trading 信用交易 open/close a position 建/*仓 bond, debenture, debts 债券 convertible bond 可转换债券 corporate bond 企业债券 fund manager 基金经理/管理公司 fund custodian bank 基金托管银行 p/e (price/earning) ratio 市盈率 payment versus delivery 银券交付 commodity/financial derivatives 商品/金融衍生产品 margins, collateral 保证金 bonus share 红股 dividend 红利/股息 retail / private investor 个人投资者/散户 broker/dealer 券商 insider trading/dealing 内幕交易 prospectus 招股说明书 merger and acquisition 收购兼并 warrant 认股权证 raised capital/proceeds 筹资 component index 成份指数 turnover rate 换手率 monetary market 货币市场 hedge fund 对冲基金 self-regulatory organization(SRO)自律组织 issuer 发行人 intermediary 中介机构 secondary listing 第二上市 secondary market 二级市场 controlling shareholder 控股股东 red chips 红筹股 junk bond 立即债券 securities loan 融券 financing 融资


相关推荐

最新更新

猜你喜欢